Back at my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed something strange at each and every one.

Back at my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed something strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard homes at each tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon a railfan that is russian, in which the reason behind these protection measures ended up being mentioned.

VeschiiOleg had written: for instance, the way of any bridge that is serious enclosed by way of an area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway bridge, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but on which basis have you been using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg composed: ВОХРовец, in accordance with the statute of this guard solution they don’t have legal rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

Just what exactly would be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, automobiles, and cargo from illegal assaults. They’ve the best to make use of army and solution firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to cease cars. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state figures) have actually the proper to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, examine things belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded by the Code of Administrative Offences associated with Russian Federation.

The Railways that is russian are by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation) – who describe by themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries out its tasks based on the Resolution associated with the federal Government for the Russian Federation of June 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection for the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security regarding the cargo being transported, the protection of items as well as the fire security of railway transportation within the passions regarding the continuing state, residents therefore the business “RZhD” all over the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the protection that is departmental of railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including significantly more than 1900 most significant people.

Significantly more than 400 fire inspectors perform fire prevention at fixed facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical eradicate emergencies with dangerous products.

In addition they showcase their work protecting major bridges.

Along with railway tunnels.

Why are such security that is extensive set up?

Somebody for a railway that is russian asked the exact same concern, and got different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly greatly guarded is understandable, nobody doubts this really is necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are vehicle bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in the eventuality of a major accident in the train such as for example connection collapse, the effects is going to be alot more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any automobile could have time for you to ahead stop seeing associated with barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than train bridge, so it will be impractical to protect all the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It is easier for road automobiles to find a detour, or engineering troops can erect a short-term pontoon connection. Blowing up a railway connection means complete paralysis of this path through to the connection is wholly restored.

Sura i am aware that individuals are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge over the little river should be restored in an exceedingly quick area from pre-prepared sets. Really, that’s why they may not be protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic importance had been underneath the security associated with department that is military security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public protection” had been completed by elements of the railway guard as well as the authorities. Cargoes, home and means had been beneath the proper care of watchmen, who had been in complete subordination to those whoever good they’d protected.

To be able to bolster the leadership, in March 1918 a unique decree had been used “On the centralisation of administration, the security of railways while the enhance of the efficiency”. The Office of Protection was established by the decree of the government of July 17 of the same year, under the People’s Commissariat of Railways ( NKPS.

The squad on a lawn included transport specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and people whom attempted to transport items without re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true wide range of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft from the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits along with other unlawful element.

The NKPS ended up being obligated to simply just simply take extreme measures. During the stations, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed protection that is non-military. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe maybe perhaps not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of neighborhood authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some propaganda that is few

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, who protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River from the Kuybyshev Railway.


Ministry of Railways of this USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security for the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

According to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries for the restricted area are protected by a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Within the landscapes, these are generally designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line through the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure for the limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. According to clause 2.2.3, from the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights associated with PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are created to raise the equipping associated with surface away from area that is restricted. According to paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising the actions of Departmental safety Service of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation) dated 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

Based on clause 2.4.1 associated with manual a security system is done to offer protection when it comes to protected item, which include: guard, articles, instructions, areas and tracks, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should give you the guard: an acceptable breakdown of all sections of the post additionally the area that is surrounding adequate lighting associated with ways to the item, its most critical points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of safety gear and guards; the likelihood of centralised handling of the whole illumination system or a team of fixtures, as well as in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety illumination system, technical safety gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, defensive structures. With regards to the nature associated with item in addition to conditions of its location, the fence is made across the border associated with the web web web site plus the boundaries regarding the limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be considered so it must certanly be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting no less than one and a half meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. According to the established procedure, safety illumination should offer lighting in the edges.

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